IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: D-2-hydroxyglutarate dehydrogenase

Reaction: (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate + acceptor = 2-oxoglutarate + reduced acceptor

Other name(s): AtD-2HGDH

Systematic name: (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate:acceptor 2-oxidoreductase

Comments: Contains FAD. The enzyme has no activity with NAD+ or NADP+, and was assayed in vitro using artificial electron acceptors. It has lower activity with (R)-lactate, (R)-2-hydroxybutyrate and meso-tartrate, and no activity with the (S) isomers. The mammalian enzyme is stimulated by Zn2+, Co2+ and Mn2+.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Engqvist, M., Drincovich, M.F., Flugge, U.I. and Maurino, V.G. Two D-2-hydroxy-acid dehydrogenases in Arabidopsis thaliana with catalytic capacities to participate in the last reactions of the methylglyoxal and β-oxidation pathways. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (2009) 25026-25037. [PMID: 19586914]

2. Achouri, Y., Noel, G., Vertommen, D., Rider, M.H., Veiga-Da-Cunha, M. and Van Schaftingen, E. Identification of a dehydrogenase acting on D-2-hydroxyglutarate. Biochem. J. 381 (2004) 35–42. [PMID: 15070399]

[EC created 2013]

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