IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 3-carboxyethylcatechol 2,3-dioxygenase

Reaction: (1) 3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoate + O2 = (2Z,4E)-2-hydroxy-6-oxonona-2,4-diene-1,9-dioate
(2) (2E)-3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate + O2 = (2Z,4E,7E)-2-hydroxy-6-oxonona-2,4,7-triene-1,9-dioate

For diagram of reaction click here or click here.

Glossary: (2E)-3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate = trans-2,3-dihydroxycinnamate

Other name(s): 2,3-dihydroxy-β-phenylpropionic dioxygenase; 2,3-dihydroxy-β-phenylpropionate oxygenase; 3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoate:oxygen 1,2-oxidoreductase; 3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoate:oxygen 1,2-oxidoreductase (decyclizing)

Systematic name: 3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoate:oxygen 1,2-oxidoreductase ((ring-opening)

Comments: An iron protein. This enzyme catalyses a step in the pathway of phenylpropanoid compounds degradation.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EAWAG-BBD, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 105503-63-7


1. Dagley, S., Chapman, P.J. and Gibson, D.T. The metabolism of β-phenylpropionic acid by an Achromobacter. Biochem. J. 97 (1965) 643-650. [PMID: 5881653]

2. Lam, W. W. Y and Bugg, T. D. H. Chemistry of extradiol aromatic ring cleavage: isolation of a stable dienol ring fission intermediate and stereochemistry of its enzymatic hydrolytic clevage. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 10 (1994) 1163-1164.

3. Díaz, E., Ferrández, A. and García, J.L. Characterization of the hca cluster encoding the dioxygenolytic pathway for initial catabolism of 3-phenylpropionic acid in Escherichia coli K-12. J. Bacteriol. 180 (1998) 2915-2923. [PMID: 9603882]

[EC created 1972, modified 2011, modified 2012]

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