IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: exo-cleaving rubber dioxygenase

Reaction: cis-1,4-polyisoprene + n O2 = n (4Z,8Z)-4,8-dimethyl-12-oxotrideca-4,8-dienal

For diagram of reaction click here.

Other name(s): roxA (gene name); heme-dependent rubber oxygenase (ambiguous)

Systematic name: cis-1,4-polyisoprene:oxygen dioxygenase [(4Z,8Z)-4,8-dimethyl-12-oxotrideca-4,8-dienal-forming]

Comments: The enzyme, studied mainly from the bacterium Xanthomonas sp. 35Y, catalyses the cleavage of the double bonds in natural and synthetic rubber (cis-1,4-polyisoprene polymers), generating ends that contain ketone and aldehyde groups. The enzyme from Xanthomonas sp. 35Y contains two c-type cytochromes. It attacks the substrate from its end, producing a single product of 15 carbons.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Tsuchii, A. and Takeda, K. Rubber-degrading enzyme from a bacterial culture. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56 (1990) 269-274. [PMID: 16348100]

2. Jendrossek, D. and Reinhardt, S. Sequence analysis of a gene product synthesized by Xanthomonas sp. during growth on natural rubber latex. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 224 (2003) 61-65. [PMID: 12855168]

3. Braaz, R., Fischer, P. and Jendrossek, D. Novel type of heme-dependent oxygenase catalyzes oxidative cleavage of rubber (poly-cis-1,4-isoprene). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70 (2004) 7388-7395. [PMID: 15574940]

4. Braaz, R., Armbruster, W. and Jendrossek, D. Heme-dependent rubber oxygenase RoxA of Xanthomonas sp. cleaves the carbon backbone of poly(cis-1,4-Isoprene) by a dioxygenase mechanism. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71 (2005) 2473-2478. [PMID: 15870336]

5. Seidel, J., Schmitt, G., Hoffmann, M., Jendrossek, D. and Einsle, O. Structure of the processive rubber oxygenase RoxA from Xanthomonas sp. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 110 (2013) 13833-13838. [PMID: 23922395]

6. Birke, J. and Jendrossek, D. Rubber oxygenase and latex clearing protein cleave rubber to different products and use different cleavage mechanisms. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 80 (2014) 5012-5020. [PMID: 24907333]

[EC created 2018]

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