Reaction: dimethyl sulfide + O2 + NADH + H+ = methanethiol + formaldehyde + NAD+ + H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): dmoAB (gene names); dimethyl sulfide C-monooxygenase; dimethylsulfide monooxygenase (ambiguous); dimethyl sulfide monooxygenase (ambiguous)
Systematic name: dimethyl sulfide,NADH:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme participates exclusively in sulfur dissimilation. It has lower activity with diethyl sulfide and other short-chain alkyl methyl sulfides. Its activity is stimulated by combined addition of FMN, and, after depletion of cations, of Mg2+ and Fe2+. The enzymes from bacteria of the Hyphomicrobium genus are a two component system that includes an FMN-dependent reductase subunit and a monooxygenase subunit.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. De Bont, J.A.M., Van Dijken, J.P. and Harder, W. Dimethyl sulphoxide and dimethyl sulphide as a carbon, sulphur and energy source for growth of Hyphomicrobium S. J. Gen. Microbiol. 127 (1981) 315-323.
2. Boden, R., Borodina, E., Wood, A.P., Kelly, D.P., Murrell, J.C. and Schafer, H. Purification and characterization of dimethylsulfide monooxygenase from Hyphomicrobium sulfonivorans. J. Bacteriol. 193 (2011) 1250-1258. [PMID: 21216999]