Reaction: ()-vetispiradiene + 2 [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + 2 O2 = solavetivone + 2 [oxidized NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + 3 H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) ()-vetispiradiene + [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + O2 = solavetivol + [oxidized NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + H2O
(1b) solavetivol + [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + O2 = solavetivone + [oxidized NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + 2 H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: ()-premnaspirodiene = ()-vetispiradiene
Other name(s): HPO; Hyoscymus muticus premnaspirodiene oxygenase; CYP71D55
Systematic name: ()-vetispiradiene,[reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase]:oxygen 2α-oxidoreductase
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein. The enzyme from the plant Hyoscymus muticus also hydroxylates valencene at C-2 to give the α-hydroxy compound, nootkatol, and this is converted into nootkatone. 5-Epiaristolochene and epieremophilene are hydroxylated at C-2 to give a 2β-hydroxy derivatives that are not oxidized further.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Takahashi, S., Yeo, Y.S., Zhao, Y., O'Maille, P.E., Greenhagen, B.T., Noel, J.P., Coates, R.M. and Chappell, J. Functional characterization of premnaspirodiene oxygenase, a cytochrome P450 catalyzing regio- and stereo-specific hydroxylations of diverse sesquiterpene substrates. J. Biol. Chem. 282 (2007) 31744-31754. [PMID: 17715131]