Reaction: cholesterol + [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + O2 = 7α-hydroxycholesterol + [oxidized NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase; CYP7A1 (gene name)
Systematic name: cholesterol,NADPHhemoprotein reductase:oxygen oxidoreductase (7α-hydroxylating)
Comments: A P-450 heme-thiolate liver protein that catalyses the first step in the biosynthesis of bile acids. The direct electron donor to the enzyme is EC 184.108.40.206, NADPHhemoprotein reductase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. Mitton, J.R., Scholan, N.A. and Boyd, G.S. The oxidation of cholesterol in rat liver sub-cellular particles. The cholesterol-7α-hydroxylase enzyme system. Eur. J. Biochem. 20 (1971) 569-579. [PMID: 4397276]
2. Boyd, G.S., Grimwade, A.M. and Lawson, M.E. Studies on rat-liver microsomal cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase. Eur. J. Biochem. 37 (1973) 334-340. [PMID: 4147676]
3. Ogishima, T., Deguchi, S. and Okuda, K. Purification and characterization of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase from rat liver microsomes. J. Biol. Chem. 262 (1987) 7646-7650. [PMID: 3584134]
4. Nguyen, L.B., Shefer, S., Salen, G., Ness, G., Tanaka, R.D., Packin, V., Thomas, P., Shore, V. and Batta, A. Purification of cholesterol 7 α-hydroxylase from human and rat liver and production of inhibiting polyclonal antibodies. J. Biol. Chem. 265 (1990) 4541-4546. [PMID: 2106520]
5. Nguyen, L.B., Shefer, S., Salen, G., Chiang, J.Y. and Patel, M. Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activities from human and rat liver are modulated in vitro posttranslationally by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation. Hepatology 24 (1996) 1468-1474. [PMID: 8938182]