Reaction: formononetin + [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + O2 = calycosin + [oxidized NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: calycosin = 3'-hydroxyformononetin
Other name(s): isoflavone 3'-monooxygenase; CYP81E9
Systematic name: formononetin,[reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (3'-hydroxylating)
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein. Also acts on biochanin A and other isoflavones with a 4'-methoxy group. Involved in the biosynthesis of the pterocarpin phytoalexins medicarpin and maackiain.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Hinderer, W., Flentje, U. and Barz, W. Microsomal isoflavone 2'-hydroxylases and 3'-hydroxylases from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) cell-suspensions induced for pterocarpan phytoalexin formation. FEBS Lett. 214 (1987) 101-106.