Reaction: (S)-limonene + [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + O2 = ()-trans-isopiperitenol + [oxidized NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: limonene = a monoterpenoid
(S)-limonene = ()-limonene
Other name(s): ()-limonene 3-hydroxylase; ()-limonene 3-monooxygenase; CYP71D15 (gene name)
Systematic name: (S)-limonene,[reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (3-hydroxylating)
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein from peppermint (Mentha piperita).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Karp, F., Mihaliak, C.A., Harris, J.L. and Croteau, R. Monoterpene biosynthesis: specificity of the hydroxylations of ()-limonene by enzyme preparations from peppermint (Mentha piperita), spearmint (Mentha spicata), and perilla (Perilla frutescens) leaves. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 276 (1990) 219-226. [PMID: 2297225]
2. Lupien, S., Karp, F., Wildung, M. and Croteau, R. Regiospecific cytochrome P450 limonene hydroxylases from mint (Mentha) species: cDNA isolation, characterization, and functional expression of ()-4S-limonene-3-hydroxylase and ()-4S-limonene-6-hydroxylase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 368 (1999) 181-192. [PMID: 10415126]
3. Wust, M., Little, D.B., Schalk, M. and Croteau, R. Hydroxylation of limonene enantiomers and analogs by recombinant ()-limonene 3- and 6-hydroxylases from mint (Mentha) species: evidence for catalysis within sterically constrained active sites. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 387 (2001) 125-136. [PMID: 11368174]