Reaction: (S)-tetrahydrocolumbamine + [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + O2 = (S)-canadine + [oxidized NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + 2 H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): (S)-tetrahydroberberine synthase; (S)-tetrahydrocolumbamine oxidase (methylenedioxy-bridge-forming); CYP719A (gene name)
Systematic name: (S)-tetrahydrocolumbamine,[reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (methylenedioxy-bridge-forming)
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein found in plants. The enzyme catalyses an oxidative reaction that does not incorporate oxygen into the product. Oxidation of the methoxyphenol group of the alkaloid tetrahydrocolumbamine results in the formation of the methylenedioxy bridge of canadine.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Rueffer, M. and Zenk, M.H. Canadine synthase from Thalictrum tuberosum cell cultures catalyses the formation of the methylenedioxy bridge in berberine synthesis. Phytochemistry 36 (1994) 1219-1223.
2. Ikezawa, N., Tanaka, M., Nagayoshi, M., Shinkyo, R., Sakaki, T., Inouye, K. and Sato, F. Molecular cloning and characterization of CYP719, a methylenedioxy bridge-forming enzyme that belongs to a novel P450 family, from cultured Coptis japonica cells. J. Biol. Chem 278 (2003) 38557-38565. [PMID: 12732624]
3. Dang, T.T. and Facchini, P.J. Cloning and characterization of canadine synthase involved in noscapine biosynthesis in opium poppy. FEBS Lett. 588 (2014) 198-204. [PMID: 24316226]