IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: pyruvate dehydrogenase (quinone)

Reaction: pyruvate + ubiquinone + H2O = acetate + CO2 + ubiquinol

Other name(s): pyruvate dehydrogenase (ambiguous); pyruvic dehydrogenase (ambiguous); pyruvic (cytochrome b1) dehydrogenase (incorrect); pyruvate:ubiquinone-8-oxidoreductase; pyruvate oxidase (ambiguous); pyruvate dehydrogenase (cytochrome) (incorrect)

Systematic name: pyruvate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase

Comments: Flavoprotein (FAD) [1]. This bacterial enzyme is located on the inner surface of the cytoplasmic membrane and coupled to the respiratory chain via ubiquinone [2,3]. Does not accept menaquinone. Activity is greatly enhanced by lipids [4,5,6]. Requires thiamine diphosphate [7]. The enzyme can also form acetoin [8].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Recny, M.A. and Hager, L.P. Reconstitution of native Escherichia coli pyruvate oxidase from apoenzyme monomers and FAD. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 12878-12886. [PMID: 6752142]

2. Cunningham, C.C. and Hager, L.P. Reactivation of the lipid-depleted pyruvate oxidase system from Escherichia coli with cell envelope neutral lipids. J. Biol. Chem. 250 (1975) 7139-7146. [PMID: 1100621]

3. Koland, J.G., Miller, M.J. and Gennis, R.B. Reconstitution of the membrane-bound, ubiquinone-dependent pyruvate oxidase respiratory chain of Escherichia coli with the cytochrome d terminal oxidase. Biochemistry 23 (1984) 445-453. [PMID: 6367818]

4. Grabau, C. and Cronan, J.E., Jr. In vivo function of Escherichia coli pyruvate oxidase specifically requires a functional lipid binding site. Biochemistry 25 (1986) 3748-3751. [PMID: 3527254]

5. Wang, A.Y., Chang, Y.Y. and Cronan, J.E., Jr. Role of the tetrameric structure of Escherichia coli pyruvate oxidase in enzyme activation and lipid binding. J. Biol. Chem. 266 (1991) 10959-10966. [PMID: 2040613]

6. Chang, Y.Y. and Cronan, J.E., Jr. Sulfhydryl chemistry detects three conformations of the lipid binding region of Escherichia coli pyruvate oxidase. Biochemistry 36 (1997) 11564-11573. [PMID: 9305946]

7. O'Brien, T.A., Schrock, H.L., Russell, P., Blake, R., 2nd and Gennis, R.B. Preparation of Escherichia coli pyruvate oxidase utilizing a thiamine pyrophosphate affinity column. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 452 (1976) 13-29. [PMID: 791368]

8. Bertagnolli, B.L. and Hager, L.P. Role of flavin in acetoin production by two bacterial pyruvate oxidases. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 300 (1993) 364-371. [PMID: 8424670]

[EC created 2010]

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