IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 2-methylene-furan-3-one reductase

Reaction: 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethylfuran-3(2H)-one + NAD(P)+ = 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-2-methylenefuran-3(2H)-one + NAD(P)H + H+

Other name(s): FaEO; SIEO; enone oxidoreductase; 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethylfuran-3(2H)-one:NAD(P)+ oxidoreductase

Systematic name: 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethylfuran-3(2H)-one:NAD(P)+ oxidoreductase

Comments: In the fruit-ripening process of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) the reaction is catalysed in the reverse direction from that shown. 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethylfuran-3(2H)-one is one of the major aroma compounds in the fruits. The enzyme has also been detected in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruits [2]. NADPH is the preferred cofactor.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Raab, T., Lopez-Raez, J.A., Klein, D., Caballero, J.L., Moyano, E., Schwab, W. and Munoz-Blanco, J. FaQR, required for the biosynthesis of the strawberry flavor compound 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone, encodes an enone oxidoreductase. Plant Cell 18 (2006) 1023-1037. [PMID: 16517758]

2. Klein, D., Fink, B., Arold, B., Eisenreich, W. and Schwab, W. Functional characterization of enone oxidoreductases from strawberry and tomato fruit. J. Agric. Food Chem. 55 (2007) 6705-6711. [PMID: 17636940]

3. Schiefner, A., Sinz, Q., Neumaier, I., Schwab, W. and Skerra, A. Structural basis for the enzymatic formation of the key strawberry flavor compound 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone. J. Biol. Chem. 288 (2013) 16815-16826. [PMID: 23589283]

4. Uehara, K., Watanabe, J., Mogi, Y. and Tsukioka, Y. Identification and characterization of an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of the 4-hydroxy-2(or 5)-ethyl-5(or 2)-methyl-3(2H)-furanone in yeast. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 123 (2017) 333-341. [PMID: 27865643]

[EC created 2013]

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