Reaction: (R)-2-benzylsuccinyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein = (E)-2-benzylidenesuccinyl-CoA + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein
For diagram of reaction, click here
Other name(s): BbsG; (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA:(acceptor) oxidoreductase
Systematic name: (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA:electron transfer flavoprotein oxidoreductase
Comments: Requires FAD as prosthetic group. Unlike other acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, this enzyme exhibits high substrate- and enantiomer specificity; it is highly specific for (R)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA and is inhibited by (S)-benzylsuccinyl-CoA. Forms the third step in the anaerobic toluene metabolic pathway in Thauera aromatica. Ferricenium ion is an effective artificial electron acceptor.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EAWAG-BBD, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Leutwein, C. and Heider, J. Anaerobic toluene-catabolic pathway in denitrifying Thauera aromatica: activation and β-oxidation of the first intermediate, (R)-(+)-benzylsuccinate. Microbiology 145 (1999) 3265-3271. [PMID: 10589736]
2. Leutwein, C. and Heider, J. (R)-Benzylsuccinyl-CoA dehydrogenase of Thauera aromatica, an enzyme of the anaerobic toluene catabolic pathway. Arch. Microbiol. 178 (2002) 517-524. [PMID: 12420174]