Reaction: (S)-6-hydroxynicotine + H2O + O2 = 1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + H2O2 (overall reaction)
(1a) (S)-6-hydroxynicotine + O2 = 5-(N-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)pyridin-2-ol + H2O2
(1b) 5-(N-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)pyridin-2-ol + H2O = 1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one (spontaneous)
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: (S)-6-hydroxynicotine = 5-[(2S)-1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl]pyridin-2-ol
1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one = 6-hydroxypseudooxynicotine
5-(N-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)pyridin-2-ol = 6-hydroxy-N-methylmyosmine
Other name(s): L-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase; 6-hydroxy-L-nicotine oxidase; 6-hydroxy-L-nicotine:oxygen oxidoreductase; nctB (gene name)
Systematic name: (S)-6-hydroxynicotine:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: A flavoprotein (FAD). The enzyme, which participates in nicotine degradation, is specific for the (S) isomer of 6-hydroxynicotine. The bacterium Arthrobacter nicotinovorans, in which this enzyme was originally discovered, has a different enzyme that catalyses a similar reaction with the less common (R)-isomer (cf. EC 126.96.36.199, (R)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EAWAG-BBD, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 37256-29-4
1. Decker, K. and Bleeg, H. Induction and purification of stereospecific nicotine oxidizing enzymes from Arthrobacter oxidans. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 105 (1965) 313-324. [PMID: 5849820]
2. Dai, V.D., Decker, K. and Sund, H. Purification and properties of L-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase. Eur. J. Biochem. 4 (1968) 95-102. [PMID: 5646150]
3. Schenk, S., Hoelz, A., Krauss, B. and Decker, K. Gene structures and properties of enzymes of the plasmid-encoded nicotine catabolism of Arthrobacter nicotinovorans. J. Mol. Biol. 284 (1998) 1323-1339. [PMID: 9878353]
4. Qiu, J., Wei, Y., Ma, Y., Wen, R., Wen, Y. and Liu, W. A novel (S)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase gene from Shinella sp. strain HZN7. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 80 (2014) 5552-5560. [PMID: 25002425]