Reaction: (1) 1,2-dihydro-β-NAD(P) + H+ + O2 = β-NAD(P)+ + H2O2
(2) 1,6-dihydro-β-NAD(P) + H+ + O2 = β-NAD(P)+ + H2O2
Other name(s): αNAD(P)H oxidase/anomerase (incorrect); NAD(P)H:oxygen oxidoreductase (H2O2-forming, epimerising) (incorrect)
Systematic name: dihydro-NAD(P):oxygen oxidoreductase (H2O2-forming)
Comments: Requires FAD. Renalase, previously thought to be a hormone, is a flavoprotein secreted into the blood by the kidney that oxidizes the 1,2-dihydro- and 1,6-dihydro- isomeric forms of β-NAD(P)H back to β-NAD(P)+. These isomeric forms, generated by nonspecific reduction of β-NAD(P)+ or by tautomerization of β-NAD(P)H, are potent inhibitors of primary metabolism dehydrogenases and pose a threat to normal respiration.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:
1. Xu, J., Li, G., Wang, P., Velazquez, H., Yao, X., Li, Y., Wu, Y., Peixoto, A., Crowley, S. and Desir, G.V. Renalase is a novel, soluble monoamine oxidase that regulates cardiac function and blood pressure. J. Clin. Invest. 115 (2005) 1275-1280. [PMID: 15841207]
2. Beaupre, B.A., Hoag, M.R., Roman, J., Forsterling, F.H. and Moran, G.R. Metabolic function for human renalase: oxidation of isomeric forms of β-NAD(P)H that are inhibitory to primary metabolism. Biochemistry 54 (2015) 795-806. [PMID: 25531177]