IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: nitrate reductase (NADPH)

Reaction: nitrite + NADP+ + H2O = nitrate + NADPH + H+

Other name(s): assimilatory nitrate reductase (ambiguous); assimilatory reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-nitrate reductase; NADPH-nitrate reductase; assimilatory NADPH-nitrate reductase; triphosphopyridine nucleotide-nitrate reductase; NADPH:nitrate reductase; nitrate reductase (NADPH2); NADPH2:nitrate oxidoreductase

Systematic name: nitrite:NADP+ oxidoreductase

Comments: An iron-sulfur molybdenum flavoprotein.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, PDB, CAS registry number: 9029-28-1


1. Nason, A. Nitrate reductases. In: Boyer, P.D., Lardy, H. and Myrbäck, K. (Eds.), The Enzymes, 2nd ed., vol. 7, Academic Press, New York, 1963, pp. 587-607.

2. Nason, A. and Evans, H.J. Triphosphopyridine nucleotide-nitrate reductase in Neurospora. J. Biol. Chem. 202 (1953) 655-673.

3. Nicholas, D.J.D. and Nason, A. Molybdenum and nitrate reductase. II. Molybdenum as a constituent of nitrate reductase. J. Biol. Chem. 207 (1954) 353-360.

4. Taniguchi, H., Mitsui, H., Nakamura, K. and Egami, F. Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn. Ser. A II 60 (1955) 200.

5. Berks, B.C., Ferguson, S.J., Moir, J.W. and Richardson, D.J. Enzymes and associated electron transport systems that catalyse the respiratory reduction of nitrogen oxides and oxyanions. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1232 (1995) 97-173. [PMID: 8534676]

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