IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: nitric oxide reductase (cytochrome c)

Reaction: nitrous oxide + 2 ferricytochrome c + H2O = 2 nitric oxide + 2 ferrocytochrome c + 2 H+

Systematic name: nitrous oxide:ferricytochrome-c oxidoreductase

Comments: The enzyme from Pseudomonas aeruginosa contains a dinuclear centre comprising a non-heme iron centre and heme b3, plus heme c, heme b and calcium; the acceptor is cytochrome c551

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EAWAG-BBD, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Hendriks, J., Warne, A., Gohlke, U., Haltia, T., Ludovici, C., Lubben, M. and Saraste, M. The active site of the bacterial nitric oxide reductase is a dinuclear iron center. Biochemistry 37 (1998) 13102-13109. [PMID: 9748316]

2. Hendriks, J., Gohlke, U. and Saraste, M. From NO to OO: nitric oxide and dioxygen in bacterial respiration. J. Bioenerg. Biomembr. 30 (1998) 15-24. [PMID: 9623801]

3. Heiss, B., Frunzke, K. and Zumpft, W.G. Formation of the N-N bond from nitric oxide by a membrane-bound cytochrome bc complex of nitrate-respiring (denitrifying) Pseudomonas stutzeri. J. Bacteriol. 171 (1989) 3288-3297. [PMID: 2542222]

4. Cheesman, M.R., Zumft, W.G. and Thomson, A.J. The MCD and EPR of the heme centers of nitric oxide reductase from Pseudomonas stutzeri: evidence that the enzyme is structurally related to the heme-copper oxidases. Biochemistry 37 (1998) 3994-4000. [PMID: 9521721]

5. Kumita, H., Matsuura, K., Hino, T., Takahashi, S., Hori, H., Fukumori, Y., Morishima, I. and Shiro, Y. NO reduction by nitric-oxide reductase from denitrifying bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa: characterization of reaction intermediates that appear in the single turnover cycle. J. Biol. Chem. 279 (2004) 55247-55254. [PMID: 15504726]

6. Hino, T., Matsumoto, Y., Nagano, S., Sugimoto, H., Fukumori, Y., Murata, T., Iwata, S. and Shiro, Y. Structural basis of biological N2O generation by bacterial nitric oxide reductase. Science 330 (2010) 1666-1670. [PMID: 21109633]

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