IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: nitrate reductase (quinone)

Reaction: nitrate + a quinol = nitrite + a quinone + H2O

Other name(s): nitrate reductase A; nitrate reductase Z; quinol/nitrate oxidoreductase; quinol-nitrate oxidoreductase; quinol:nitrate oxidoreductase; NarA; NarZ; NarGHI; dissimilatory nitrate reductase

Systematic name: nitrite:quinone oxidoreductase

Comments: A membrane-bound enzyme which supports anaerobic respiration on nitrate under anaerobic conditions and in the presence of nitrate. Contains the bicyclic form of the molybdo-bis(molybdopterin guanine dinucleotide) cofactor, iron-sulfur clusters and heme b. Escherichia coli expresses two forms NarA and NarZ, both being comprised of three subunits.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:


1. Enoch, H.G. and Lester, R.L. The role of a novel cytochrome b-containing nitrate reductase and quinone in the in vitro reconstruction of formate-nitrate reductase activity of E. coli. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 61 (1974) 1234-1241. [PMID: 4616697]

2. Bertero, M.G., Rothery, R.A., Palak, M., Hou, C., Lim, D., Blasco, F., Weiner, J.H. and Strynadka, N.C. Insights into the respiratory electron transfer pathway from the structure of nitrate reductase A. Nat. Struct. Biol. 10 (2003) 681-687. [PMID: 12910261]

3. Lanciano, P., Magalon, A., Bertrand, P., Guigliarelli, B. and Grimaldi, S. High-stability semiquinone intermediate in nitrate reductase A (NarGHI) from Escherichia coli is located in a quinol oxidation site close to heme bD. Biochemistry 46 (2007) 5323-5329. [PMID: 17439244]

4. Bertero, M.G., Rothery, R.A., Boroumand, N., Palak, M., Blasco, F., Ginet, N., Weiner, J.H. and Strynadka, N.C. Structural and biochemical characterization of a quinol binding site of Escherichia coli nitrate reductase A. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 14836-14843. [PMID: 15615728]

5. Bonnefoy, V. and Demoss, J.A. Nitrate reductases in Escherichia coli. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 66 (1994) 47-56. [PMID: 7747940]

6. Guigliarelli, B., Asso, M., More, C., Augier, V., Blasco, F., Pommier, J., Giordano, G. and Bertrand, P. EPR and redox characterization of iron-sulfur centers in nitrate reductases A and Z from Escherichia coli. Evidence for a high-potential and a low-potential class and their relevance in the electron-transfer mechanism. Eur. J. Biochem. 207 (1992) 61-68. [PMID: 1321049]

[EC created 2010]

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