IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: toxoflavin synthase

Reaction: (1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 1,6-didemethyltoxoflavin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + reumycin
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + reumycin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + toxoflavin

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: reumycin = 1-demethyltoxoflavin
toxoflavin = 1,6-dimethylpyrimido[5,4-e][1,2,4]triazine-5,7(1H,6H)-dione

Other name(s): toxA (gene name)

Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:1,6-didemethyltoxoflavin N1,N6-dimethyltransferase (toxoflavin-forming)

Comments: The enzyme is a dual-specificity methyltransferase that catalyses the last two steps of toxoflavin biosynthesis. Toxoflavin is a major virulence factor of several bacterial crop pathogens.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:


1. Fenwick, M.K., Philmus, B., Begley, T.P. and Ealick, S.E. Burkholderia glumae ToxA Is a dual-specificity methyltransferase that catalyzes the last two steps of toxoflavin biosynthesis. Biochemistry 55 (2016) 2748-2759. [PMID: 27070241]

[EC created 2018]

Return to EC 2.1.1 home page
Return to EC 2.1 home page
Return to EC 2 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page