IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 2.1.1.372

Accepted name: [histone H4]-lysine20 N-trimethyltransferase

Reaction: 3 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a [histone H4]-L-lysine20 = 3 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a [histone H4]-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine20 (overall reaction)
(1a) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a [histone H4]-L-lysine20 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a [histone H4]-N6-methyl-L-lysine20
(1b) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a [histone H4]-N6-methyl-L-lysine20 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a [histone H4]-N6,N6-dimethyl-L-lysine20
(1c) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a [histone H4]-N6,N6-dimethyl-L-lysine20 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a [histone H4]-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine20

Other name(s): SET9 (gene name)

Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[histone H4]-L-lysine20 N6-trimethyltransferase

Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, catalyses three successive methylations of the L-lysine-20 residue of histone H4 (H4K20), forming the trimethylated form. The methylation of this site is apparently not involved in the regulation of gene expression or heterochromatin function but participates in DNA damage response. cf. EC 2.1.1.361, [histone H4]-lysine20 N-methyltransferase, and EC 2.1.1.362, [histone H4]-N-methyl-L-lysine20 N-methyltransferase.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc CAS registry number:

References:

1. Sanders, S.L., Portoso, M., Mata, J., Bahler, J., Allshire, R.C. and Kouzarides, T. Methylation of histone H4 lysine 20 controls recruitment of Crb2 to sites of DNA damage. Cell 119 (2004) 603-614. [PMID: 15550243]

[EC 2.1.1.372 created 2020]


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