Reaction: an acyl-CoA + tropine = CoA + an O-acyltropine
For diagram of reaction, click here
Glossary: tropine = tropan-3α-ol = 3α-hydroxytropane
Other name(s): tropine:acyl-CoA transferase; acetyl-CoA:tropan-3-ol acyltransferase; tropine acetyltransferase; tropine tigloyltransferase; TAT
Systematic name: acyl-CoA:tropine O-acyltransferase
Comments: This enzyme exhibits absolute specificity for the endo/3α configuration found in tropine as pseudotropine (tropan-3β-ol; see EC 18.104.22.168, pseudotropine acyltransferase) is not a substrate . Acts on a wide range of aliphatic acyl-CoA derivatives, with tigloyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA being the best substrates. It is probably involved in the formation of the tropane alkaloid littorine, which is a precursor of hyoscyamine .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Robins, R.J., Bachmann, P., Robinson, T., Rhodes, M.J. and Yamada, Y. The formation of 3α- and 3β-acetoxytropanes by Datura stramonium transformed root cultures involves two acetyl-CoA-dependent acyltransferases. FEBS Lett. 292 (1991) 293-297. [PMID: 1959620]
2. Robins, R.J., Bachmann,P., Peerless, A.C.J. and Rabot, S. Esterification reactions in the biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids in transformed root cultures. Plant Cell, Tissue Organ Cult. 38 (1994) 241-247.
3. Boswell, H.D., Dräger, B., McLauchlan, W.R., Portsteffen, A., Robins, D.J., Robins, R.J. and Walton, N.J. Specificities of the enzymes of N-alkyltropane biosynthesis in Brugmansia and Datura. Phytochemistry 52 (1999) 871-878. [PMID: 10626376]
4. Li, R., Reed, D.W., Liu, E., Nowak, J., Pelcher, L.E., Page, J.E. and Covello, P.S. Functional genomic analysis of alkaloid biosynthesis in Hyoscyamus niger reveals a cytochrome P450 involved in littorine rearrangement. Chem. Biol. 13 (2006) 513-520. [PMID: 16720272]