Reaction: stearoyl-CoA + a sphingoid base = an N-(stearoyl)-sphingoid base + CoA
Glossary: a sphingoid base = an amino alcohol, composed predominantly of 18 carbon atoms, characterized by the presence of a hydroxyl group at C-1 (and often also at C-3), and an amine group at C-2.
Other name(s): mammalian ceramide synthase 1; LASS1 (gene name); UOG1 (gene name); CERS1 (gene name)
Systematic name: stearoyl-CoA:sphingoid base N-stearoyltransferase
Comments: Mammals have six ceramide synthases that exhibit relatively strict specificity regarding the chain-length of their acyl-CoA substrates. Ceramide synthase 1 (CERS1) is structurally and functionally distinctive from all other CERS enzymes, and is specific for stearoyl-CoA as the acyl donor. It can use multiple sphingoid bases including sphinganine, sphingosine, and phytosphingosine.
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