Reaction: propanoyl-CoA + H2O + oxaloacetate = (2S,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate + CoA
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: 2-methylcitrate = (2S,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
Other name(s): 2-methylcitrate oxaloacetate-lyase; MCS; methylcitrate synthase; methylcitrate synthetase
Systematic name: propanoyl-CoA:oxaloacetate C-propanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 1-carboxyethyl-forming)
Comments: The enzyme acts on acetyl-CoA, propanoyl-CoA, butanoyl-CoA and pentanoyl-CoA. The relative rate of condensation of acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate is 140% of that of propanoyl-CoA and oxaloacetate, but the enzyme is distinct from EC 188.8.131.52, citrate (Si)-synthase. Oxaloacetate cannot be replaced by glyoxylate, pyruvate or 2-oxoglutarate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 57827-78-8
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