IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: aklavinone 7-L-rhodosaminyltransferase

Reaction: dTDP-β-L-rhodosamine + aklavinone = dTDP + aclacinomycin T

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: dTDP-β-L-rhodosamine = dTDP-2,3,6-trideoxy-3-dimethylamino-β-L-lyxo-hexose
aklavinone = methyl (1R,2R,4S)-2-ethyl-2,4,5,7-tetrahydroxy-6,11-dioxo-1,2,3,4,6,11-hexahydrotetracene-1-carboxylate
aclacinomycin T = 7-O-(α-L-rhodosaminyl)aklavinone

Other name(s): AknS/AknT; aklavinone 7-β-L-rhodosaminyltransferase; dTDP-β-L-rhodosamine:aklavinone 7-α-L-rhodosaminyltransferase

Systematic name: dTDP-β-L-rhodosamine:aklavinone 7-α-L-rhodosaminyltransferase (configuration-inverting)

Comments: Isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces galilaeus. Forms a complex with its accessory protein AknT, and has very low activity in its absence. The enzyme can also use dTDP-2-deoxy-β-L-fucose. Involved in the biosynthesis of other aclacinomycins.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Lu, W., Leimkuhler, C., Gatto, G.J., Jr., Kruger, R.G., Oberthur, M., Kahne, D. and Walsh, C.T. AknT is an activating protein for the glycosyltransferase AknS in L-aminodeoxysugar transfer to the aglycone of aclacinomycin A. Chem. Biol. 12 (2005) 527-534. [PMID: 15911373]

2. Leimkuhler, C., Fridman, M., Lupoli, T., Walker, S., Walsh, C.T. and Kahne, D. Characterization of rhodosaminyl transfer by the AknS/AknT glycosylation complex and its use in reconstituting the biosynthetic pathway of aclacinomycin A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129 (2007) 10546-10550. [PMID: 17685523]

[EC created 2014, modified 2015]

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