IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: N-acylsphingosine galactosyltransferase

Reaction: UDP-α-D-galactose + a ceramide = UDP + a β-D-galactosylceramide

Glossary: a ceramide = an N-acylsphingosine

Other name(s): UGT8 (gene name); CGT (gene name); UDP galactose-N-acylsphingosine galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-acylsphingosine galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:N-acylsphingosine D-galactosyltransferase; UDP-α-D-galactose:N-acylsphingosine D-galactosyltransferase; 2-hydroxyacylsphingosine 1-β-galactosyltransferase

Systematic name: UDP-α-D-galactose:N-acylsphingosine β-D-galactosyltransferase (configuration-inverting)

Comments: This membrane-bound, endoplasmic reticulum-located enzyme catalyses the last step in the synthesis of galactocerebrosides, which are abundant sphingolipids of the myelin membrane of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. It has a strong preference for ceramides that contain hydroxylated fatty acids.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 37277-56-8


1. Fujino, Y. and Nakano, M. Enzymic synthesis of cerebroside from ceramide and uridine diphosphate galactose. Biochem. J. 113 (1969) 573-575. [PMID: 5807218]

2. Morell, P. and Radin, N.S. Synthesis of cerebroside by brain from uridine diphosphate galactose and ceramide containing hydroxy fatty acid. Biochemistry 8 (1969) 506-512. [PMID: 5793706]

3. Morell, P., Costantino-Ceccarini, E. and Radin, N.S. The biosynthesis by brain microsomes of cerebrosides containing nonhydroxy fatty acids. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 141 (1970) 738-748. [PMID: 5497154]

4. Basu, S., Schultz, A., Basu, M. and Roseman, S. Enzymatic synthesis of galactocerebroside by a galactosyltransferase from embryonic chicken brain. J. Biol. Chem. 243 (1971) 4272-4279. [PMID: 5090043]

5. Akanuma, H. and Kishimoto, Y. Synthesis of ceramides and cerebrosides containing both α-hydroxy and nonhydroxy fatty acids from lignoceroyl-CoA by rat brain microsomes. J. Biol. Chem. 254 (1979) 1050-1060. [PMID: 762114]

6. Koul, O. and Jungalwala, F.B. UDP-galactose:ceramide galactosyltransferase of rat central-nervous-system myelin. Biochem. J. 194 (1981) 633-637. [PMID: 7306007]

7. Schulte, S. and Stoffel, W. Ceramide UDP-galactosyltransferase from myelinating rat brain: purification, cloning, and expression. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90 (1993) 10265-10269. [PMID: 7694285]

8. Sprong, H., Kruithof, B., Leijendekker, R., Slot, J.W., van Meer, G. and van der Sluijs, P. UDP-galactose:ceramide galactosyltransferase is a class I integral membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 25880-25888. [PMID: 9748263]

9. Fewou, S.N., Bussow, H., Schaeren-Wiemers, N., Vanier, M.T., Macklin, W.B., Gieselmann, V. and Eckhardt, M. Reversal of non-hydroxy:α-hydroxy galactosylceramide ratio and unstable myelin in transgenic mice overexpressing UDP-galactose:ceramide galactosyltransferase. J. Neurochem. 94 (2005) 469-481. [PMID: 15998297]

[EC created 1972]

Return to EC 2.4.1 home page
Return to EC 2.4 home page
Return to EC 2 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page