IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 2.4.2.62

Accepted name: xylosyl α-1,3-xylosyltransferase

Reaction: UDP-α-D-xylose + [protein with EGF-like domain]-3-O-[α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]-L-serine = UDP + [protein with EGF-like domain]-3-O-[α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]-L-serine

Other name(s): XXYLT1 (gene name)

Systematic name: UDP-α-D-xylose:[EGF-like domain protein]-3-O-[α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]-L-serine 3-α-D-xylosyltransferase (configuration-retaining)

Comments: The enzyme, found in animals and insects, is involved in the biosynthesis of the α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl trisaccharide on epidermal growth factor-like (EGF-like) domains. When present on Notch proteins, the trisaccharide functions as a modulator of the signalling activity of this protein.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:

References:

1. Minamida, S., Aoki, K., Natsuka, S., Omichi, K., Fukase, K., Kusumoto, S. and Hase, S. Detection of UDP-D-xylose: α-D-xyloside α 1-→3xylosyltransferase activity in human hepatoma cell line HepG2. J. Biochem. 120 (1996) 1002-1006. [PMID: 8982869]

2. Sethi, M.K., Buettner, F.F., Ashikov, A., Krylov, V.B., Takeuchi, H., Nifantiev, N.E., Haltiwanger, R.S., Gerardy-Schahn, R. and Bakker, H. Molecular cloning of a xylosyltransferase that transfers the second xylose to O-glucosylated epidermal growth factor repeats of notch. J. Biol. Chem. 287 (2012) 2739-2748. [PMID: 22117070]

3. Yu, H., Takeuchi, M., LeBarron, J., Kantharia, J., London, E., Bakker, H., Haltiwanger, R.S., Li, H. and Takeuchi, H. Notch-modifying xylosyltransferase structures support an SNi-like retaining mechanism. Nat. Chem. Biol. 11 (2015) 847-854. [PMID: 26414444]

[EC 2.4.2.62 created 2020]


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