IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate 3-dimethylallyltransferase

Reaction: prenyl diphosphate + 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate = diphosphate + 3-prenyl-4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate

For diagram of reaction, click here

Glossary: 3-dimethylallyl-4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate = 3-[4-hydroxy-3-(3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)phenyl]-2-oxopropanoate

Other name(s): CloQ; 4HPP dimethylallyltransferase; NovQ; dimethylallyl diphosphate:4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate 3-dimethylallyltransferase

Systematic name: prenyl-diphosphate:4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate 3-dimethylallyltransferase

Comments: The enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of the 3-dimethylallyl-4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate moiety of the aminocoumarin antibiotics clorobiocin and novobiocin [1].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Pojer, F., Wemakor, E., Kammerer, B., Chen, H., Walsh, C.T., Li, S.M. and Heide, L. CloQ, a prenyltransferase involved in clorobiocin biosynthesis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100 (2003) 2316-2321. [PMID: 12618544]

2. Keller, S., Pojer, F., Heide, L. and Lawson, D.M. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of the aromatic prenyltransferase CloQ from the clorobiocin biosynthetic cluster of Streptomyces roseochromogenes. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. 62 (2006) 1153-1155. [PMID: 17077503]

3. Metzger, U., Keller, S., Stevenson, C.E., Heide, L. and Lawson, D.M. Structure and mechanism of the magnesium-independent aromatic prenyltransferase CloQ from the clorobiocin biosynthetic pathway. J. Mol. Biol. 404 (2010) 611-626. [PMID: 20946900]

4. Ozaki, T., Mishima, S., Nishiyama, M. and Kuzuyama, T. NovQ is a prenyltransferase capable of catalyzing the addition of a dimethylallyl group to both phenylpropanoids and flavonoids. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo) 62 (2009) 385-392. [PMID: 19557032]

[EC created 2013]

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