Reaction: 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil + L-tyrosine + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = 5-amino-5-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-6-(D-ribitylimino)-5,6-dihydrouracil + 2-iminoacetate + L-methionine + 5'-deoxyadenosine
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil = 5-amino-6-(1-D-ribitylamino)pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione
Other name(s): cofH (gene name); cbiF (gene name) (ambiguous)
Systematic name: 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil:L-tyrosine, 4-hydroxyphenyl transferase
Comments: The enzyme is involved in the production of 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin (Fo), the precursor of the redox cofactor coenzyme F420, which is found in methanogens and in various actinobacteria. Fo is also produced by some cyanobacteria and eukaryotes. The enzyme, which forms a complex with EC 18.104.22.168, 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin synthase, is a radical SAM enzyme that uses the 5'-deoxyadenosyl radical to initiate the reaction.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Decamps, L., Philmus, B., Benjdia, A., White, R., Begley, T.P. and Berteau, O. Biosynthesis of F0, precursor of the F420 cofactor, requires a unique two radical-SAM domain enzyme and tyrosine as substrate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 (2012) 18173-18176. [PMID: 23072415]
2. Philmus, B., Decamps, L., Berteau, O. and Begley, T.P. Biosynthetic versatility and coordinated action of 5'-deoxyadenosyl radicals in deazaflavin biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137 (2015) 5406-5413. [PMID: 25781338]