IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: hapalindole G dimethylallyltransferase

Reaction: (1) prenyl diphosphate + hapalindole G = ambiguine A + diphosphate
(2) prenyl diphosphate + hapalindole U = ambiguine H + diphosphate

For diagram of reaction click here

Glossary: prenyl diphosphate = dimethylallyl diphosphate
hapalindole G = (6aS,8R,9R,10R,10aS)-8-chloro-10-isocyano-6,6,9-trimethyl-9-vinyl-2,6,6a,7,8,9,10,10a-octahydronaphtho[1,2,3-cd]indole
ambiguine A = (6aS,8R,9R,10R,10aS)-8-chloro-10-isocyano-6,6,9-trimethyl-1-(2-methylbut-3-en-2-yl)-9-vinyl-2,6,6a,7,8,9,10,10a-octahydronaphtho[1,2,3-cd]indole
hapalindole U = (6aS,9R,10R,10aS)-10-isocyano-6,6,9-trimethyl-9-vinyl-2,6,6a,7,8,9,10,10a-octahydronaphtho[1,2,3-cd]indole
ambiguine H = (6aS,9R,10R,10aS)-9-ethenyl-10-isocyano-6,6,9-trimethyl-1-(2-methylbut-3-en-2-yl)-2,6,6a,7,8,9,10,10a-octahydronaphtho[1,2,3-cd]indole

Other name(s): ambP3 (gene name); famD1 (gene name)

Systematic name: prenyl-diphosphate:hapalindole G prenyltransferase (ambiguine A-forming)

Comments: Requires Mg2+. The enzyme, characterized from the cyanobacterium Fischerella ambigua UTEX 1903, is involved in the biosynthesis of hapalindole-type alkaloids. When acting on hapalindole U, the enzyme forms ambiguine H.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Hillwig, M.L., Zhu, Q. and Liu, X. Biosynthesis of ambiguine indole alkaloids in cyanobacterium Fischerella ambigua. ACS Chem. Biol. 9 (2014) 372-377. [PMID: 24180436]

[EC created 2024]

Return to EC 2.5.1 home page
Return to EC 2.5 home page
Return to EC 2 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page