IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: hexaprenyl diphosphate synthase [(2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate specific]

Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate + 3 isopentenyl diphosphate = 3 diphosphate + all-trans-hexaprenyl diphosphate

For diagram of reaction, click here

Other name(s): HexPS (ambiguous); hexaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase (ambiguous); hexaprenyl diphosphate synthase (ambiguous)

Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate farnesyltranstransferase (adding 3 isopentenyl units)

Comments: The enzyme prefers farnesyl diphosphate to geranylgeranyl diphosphate as an allylic substrate and does not show activity for geranyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate [1].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Fujii, H., Koyama, T. and Ogura, K. Hexaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase from Micrococcus luteus B-P 26. Separation of two essential components. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 14610-14612. [PMID: 7174655]

2. Shimizu, N., Koyama, T. and Ogura, K. Molecular cloning, expression, and characterization of the genes encoding the two essential protein components of Micrococcus luteus B-P 26 hexaprenyl diphosphate synthase. J. Bacteriol. 180 (1998) 1578-1581. [PMID: 9515931]

3. Nagaki, M., Kimura, K., Kimura, H., Maki, Y., Goto, E., Nishino, T. and Koyama, T. Artificial substrates of medium-chain elongating enzymes, hexaprenyl- and heptaprenyl diphosphate synthases. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 11 (2001) 2157-2159. [PMID: 11514159]

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