Reaction: L-methionine + a 2-oxo carboxylate = 2-oxo-4-(methylsulfanyl)butanoate + an L-amino acid
Other name(s): methionine-oxo-acid transaminase
Systematic name: L-methionine:2-oxo-acid aminotransferase
Comments: The enzyme is most active with L-methionine. It participates in the L-methionine salvage pathway from S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine, a by-product of polyamine biosynthesis. The enzyme from the bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae can use several different amino acids as amino donor, with aromatic amino acids being the most effective . The enzyme from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana is also a part of the chain elongation pathway in the biosynthesis of methionine-derived glucosinolates .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. Heilbronn, J., Wilson, J. and Berger, B.J. Tyrosine aminotransferase catalyzes the final step of methionine recycling in Klebsiella pneumoniae. J. Bacteriol. 181 (1999) 1739-1747. [PMID: 10074065]
2. Dolzan, M., Johansson, K., Roig-Zamboni, V., Campanacci, V., Tegoni, M., Schneider, G. and Cambillau, C. Crystal structure and reactivity of YbdL from Escherichia coli identify a methionine aminotransferase function. FEBS Lett. 571 (2004) 141-146. [PMID: 15280032]
3. Schuster, J., Knill, T., Reichelt, M., Gershenzon, J. and Binder, S. Branched-chain aminotransferase4 is part of the chain elongation pathway in the biosynthesis of methionine-derived glucosinolates in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 18 (2006) 2664-2679. [PMID: 17056707]