IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-N-acetyl-β-L-altrosamine transaminase

Reaction: UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-N-acetyl-β-L-altrosamine + 2-oxoglutarate = UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-β-L-arabino-hex-4-ulose + L-glutamate

Other name(s): PseC; UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-N-acetyl-β-L-altrosamine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; UDP-β-L-threo-pentapyranos-4-ulose transaminase; UDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-glucose transaminase

Systematic name: UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-N-acetyl-β-L-altrosamine:2-oxoglutarate transaminase

Comments: A pyridoxal 5'-phosphate protein. The enzyme transfers the primary amino group of L-glutamate to C-4'' of UDP-4-dehydro sugars, forming a C-N bond in a stereo configuration opposite to that of UDP. The enzyme from the bacterium Bacillus cereus has been shown to act on UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-β-L-arabino-hex-4-ulose, UDP-β-L-threo-pentapyranos-4-ulose, UDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-glucose, and UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-α-D-xylo-hex-4-ulose. cf. EC, UDP-N-acetylbacillosamine transaminase, which catalyses a similar reaction, but forms the C-N bond in the same stereo configuration as that of UDP.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Schoenhofen, I.C., McNally, D.J., Vinogradov, E., Whitfield, D., Young, N.M., Dick, S., Wakarchuk, W.W., Brisson, J.R. and Logan, S.M. Functional characterization of dehydratase/aminotransferase pairs from Helicobacter and Campylobacter: enzymes distinguishing the pseudaminic acid and bacillosamine biosynthetic pathways. J. Biol. Chem. 281 (2006) 723-732. [PMID: 16286454]

2. Schoenhofen, I.C., Lunin, V.V., Julien, J.P., Li, Y., Ajamian, E., Matte, A., Cygler, M., Brisson, J.R., Aubry, A., Logan, S.M., Bhatia, S., Wakarchuk, W.W. and Young, N.M. Structural and functional characterization of PseC, an aminotransferase involved in the biosynthesis of pseudaminic acid, an essential flagellar modification in Helicobacter pylori. J. Biol. Chem. 281 (2006) 8907-8916. [PMID: 16421095]

3. Mostafavi, A.Z. and Troutman, J.M. Biosynthetic assembly of the Bacteroides fragilis capsular polysaccharide A precursor bactoprenyl diphosphate-linked acetamido-4-amino-6-deoxygalactopyranose. Biochemistry 52 (2013) 1939-1949. [PMID: 23458065]

4. Hwang, S., Li, Z., Bar-Peled, Y., Aronov, A., Ericson, J. and Bar-Peled, M. The biosynthesis of UDP-D-FucNAc-4N-(2)-oxoglutarate (UDP-Yelosamine) in Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579: Pat and Pyl, an aminotransferase and an ATP-dependent Grasp protein that ligates 2-oxoglutarate to UDP-4-amino-sugars. J. Biol. Chem 289 (2014) 35620-35632. [PMID: 25368324]

[EC created 2011, modified 2018]

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