IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: phosphonopyruvate hydrolase

Reaction: 3-phosphonopyruvate + H2O = pyruvate + phosphate

For diagram of reaction click here.

Other name(s): PPH

Comments: Highly specific for phosphonopyruvate as substrate [2]. The reaction is not inhibited by phosphate but is inhibited by the phosphonates phosphonoformic acid, hydroxymethylphosphonic acid and 3-phosphonopropanoic acid [2]. The enzyme is activated by the divalent cations Co2+, Mg2+ and Mn2+. This enzyme is a member of the phosphoenolpyruvate mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily [3].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Ternan, N.G., Hamilton, J.T. and Quinn, J.P. Initial in vitro characterisation of phosphonopyruvate hydrolase, a novel phosphate starvation-independent, carbon-phosphorus bond cleavage enzyme in Burkholderia cepacia Pal6. Arch. Microbiol. 173 (2000) 35-41. [PMID: 10648102]

2. Kulakova, A.N., Wisdom, G.B., Kulakov, L.A. and Quinn, J.P. The purification and characterization of phosphonopyruvate hydrolase, a novel carbon-phosphorus bond cleavage enzyme from Variovorax sp. Pal2. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 23426-23431. [PMID: 12697754]

3. Chen, C.C., Han, Y., Niu, W., Kulakova, A.N., Howard, A., Quinn, J.P., Dunaway-Mariano, D. and Herzberg, O. Structure and kinetics of phosphonopyruvate hydrolase from Variovorax sp. Pal2: new insight into the divergence of catalysis within the PEP mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily. Biochemistry 45 (2006) 11491-11504. [PMID: 16981709]

[EC created 2007]

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