IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: lacto-N-biosidase

Reaction: β-D-Gal-(1→3)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-D-Glc + H2O = β-D-Gal-(1→3)-D-GlcNAc + β-D-Gal-(1→4)-D-Glc

Glossary: β-D-Gal-(1→3)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-D-Glc = lacto-N-tetraose
β-D-Gal-(1→3)-D-GlcNAc = lacto-N-biose
β-D-Gal-(1→4)-D-Glc = lactose

Systematic name: oligosaccharide lacto-N-biosylhydrolase

Comments: The enzyme from Streptomyces specifically hydrolyses the terminal lacto-N-biosyl residue (β-D-Gal-(1→3)-D-GlcNAc) from the non-reducing end of oligosaccharides with the structure β-D-Gal-(1→3)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Gal-(1→R). Lacto-N-hexaose (β-D-Gal-(1→3)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Gal-(1→3)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-D-Glc) is hydrolysed to form first lacto-N-tetraose plus lacto-N-biose, with the subsequent formation of lactose. Oligosaccharides in which the non-reducing terminal Gal or the penultimate GlcNAc are replaced by fucose or sialic acid are not substrates. Asialo GM1 tetraose (β-D-Gal-(1→3)-β-D-GalNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-D-Glc) is hydrolysed very slowly, but lacto-N-neotetraose (β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-GalNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-D-Glc) is not a substrate

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 146359-52-6


1. Sano, M., Hayakawa, K., Kato, I. An enzyme releasing lacto-N-biose from oligosaccharides. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89 (1992) 8512-8516. [PMID: 1528855]

2. Sano, M., Hayakawa, K., Kato, I. Purification and characterization of an enzyme releasing lacto-N-biose from oligosaccharides with type 1 chain. J. Biol. Chem. 268 (1993) 18560-18566. [PMID: 7689556]

[EC created 1999]

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