IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: peptidyl-dipeptidase A

Reaction: Release of a C-terminal dipeptide, oligopeptide┼Xaa-Yaa, when Xaa is not Pro, and Yaa is neither Asp nor Glu. Thus, conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, with increase in vasoconstrictor activity, but no action on angiotensin II

Glossary: captopril = (2S)-1-(2-methyl-3-sulfanylpropanoyl)-L-proline

Other name(s): dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase I; peptidase P; dipeptide hydrolase (ambiguous); peptidyl dipeptidase; angiotensin converting enzyme; kininase II; angiotensin I-converting enzyme; carboxycathepsin; dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase; peptidyl dipeptidase I; peptidyl-dipeptide hydrolase; peptidyldipeptide hydrolase; endothelial cell peptidyl dipeptidase; ACE; peptidyl dipeptidase-4; PDH; peptidyl dipeptide hydrolase; DCP

Comments: A Cl-dependent, zinc glycoprotein that is generally membrane-bound. A potent inhibitor is captopril. Important in elevation of blood pressure, through formation of angiotensin II (vasoconstrictor) and destruction of bradykinin (vasodilator). Two molecular forms exist in mammalian tissues, a widely-distributed somatic form of 150- to 180-kDa that contains two non-identical catalytic sites, and a testicular form of 90- to 100-kDa that contains only a single catalytic site. Type example of peptidase family M2

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MEROPS, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9015-82-1


1. Soubrier, F., Alhenc-Gelas, F., Hubert, C., Allegrini, J., John, M., Tregear, G. and Corvol, P. Two putative active centers in human angiotensin I-converting enzyme revealed by molecular cloning. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85 (1988) 9386-9390. [PMID: 2849100]

2. Ehlers, M.R.W., Fox, E.A., Strydom, D.J. and Riordan, J.F. Molecular cloning of human testicular angiotensin-converting enzyme: the testis enzyme is identical to the C-terminal half of endothelial angiotensin-converting enzyme. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86 (1989) 7741-7745. [PMID: 2554286]

3. Wei, L., Clauser, E., Alhenc-Gelas, F. and Corvol, P. The two homologous domains of human angiotensin I-converting enzyme interact differently with competitive inhibitors. J. Biol. Chem. 267 (1992) 13398-13405. [PMID: 1320019]

4. Corvol, P., Williams, T.A. and Soubrier, F. Peptidyl dipeptidase A: angiotensin I-converting enzyme. Methods Enzymol. 248 (1995) 283-305. [PMID: 7674927]

[EC created 1972, modified 1981, modified 1989, modified 1996, modified 2011]

Return to EC 3.4.15 home page
Return to EC 3.4 home page
Return to EC 3 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page