IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: UDP-2,3-diacylglucosamine diphosphatase

Reaction: a UDP-2-N,3-O-bis[(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl]-α-D-glucosamine + H2O = a lipid X + UMP

For diagram of reaction click here

Glossary: a lipid X = 2-N-[(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl]-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl]-α-D-glucosamine 1-phosphate =

Other name(s): lpxH (gene name); UDP-2,3-diacylglucosamine hydrolase; UDP-2,3-diacylglucosamine pyrophosphatase; ybbF (gene name); UDP-2,3-bis[(3R)-3-hydroxymyristoyl]-α-D-glucosamine 2,3-bis[(3R)-3-hydroxymyristoyl]-β-D-glucosaminyl 1-phosphate phosphohydrolase (incorrect); UDP-2-N,3-O-bis[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-α-D-glucosamine 2-N,3-O-bis[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-α-D-glucosaminyl 1-phosphate phosphohydrolase

Systematic name: UDP-2-N,3-O-bis[(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl]-α-D-glucosamine 2-N,3-O-bis[(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl]-α-D-glucosamine-1-phosphate phosphohydrolase

Comments: The enzyme catalyses a step in the biosynthesis of lipid A.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Babinski, K.J., Ribeiro, A.A. and Raetz, C.R. The Escherichia coli gene encoding the UDP-2,3-diacylglucosamine pyrophosphatase of lipid A biosynthesis. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 25937-25946. [PMID: 12000770]

2. Babinski, K.J., Kanjilal, S.J. and Raetz, C.R. Accumulation of the lipid A precursor UDP-2,3-diacylglucosamine in an Escherichia coli mutant lacking the lpxH gene. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 25947-25956. [PMID: 12000771]

3. Okada, C., Wakabayashi, H., Kobayashi, M., Shinoda, A., Tanaka, I. and Yao, M. Crystal structures of the UDP-diacylglucosamine pyrophosphohydrase LpxH from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Sci. Rep. 6 (2016) 32822. [PMID: 27609419]

4. Cho, J., Lee, C.J., Zhao, J., Young, H.E. and Zhou, P. Structure of the essential Haemophilus influenzae UDP-diacylglucosamine pyrophosphohydrolase LpxH in lipid A biosynthesis. Nat Microbiol 1 (2016) 16154. [PMID: 27780190]

5. Arenas, J., Pupo, E., de Jonge, E., Perez-Ortega, J., Schaarschmidt, J., van der Ley, P. and Tommassen, J. Substrate specificity of the pyrophosphohydrolase LpxH determines the asymmetry of Bordetella pertussis lipid A. J. Biol. Chem. 294 (2019) 7982-7989. [PMID: 30926608]

[EC created 2010, modified 2021]

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