IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 2-hydroxy-dATP diphosphatase

Reaction: 2-hydroxy-dATP + H2O = 2-hydroxy-dAMP + diphosphate

Other name(s): NUDT1; MTH1; MTH2; oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphatase; (2'-deoxy) ribonucleoside 5'-triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase

Systematic name: 2-hydroxy-dATP diphosphohydrolase

Comments: The enzyme hydrolyses oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphates such as 2-hydroxy-dATP, thereby preventing their misincorporation into DNA. It can also recognize 8-oxo-dGTP and 8-oxo-dATP, but with lower efficiency (cf. EC, 8-oxo-dGTP diphosphatase) [3].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Sakumi, K., Furuichi, M., Tsuzuki, T., Kakuma, T., Kawabata, S., Maki, H. and Sekiguchi, M. Cloning and expression of cDNA for a human enzyme that hydrolyzes 8-oxo-dGTP, a mutagenic substrate for DNA synthesis. J. Biol. Chem. 268 (1993) 23524-23530. [PMID: 8226881]

2. Kakuma, T., Nishida, J., Tsuzuki, T. and Sekiguchi, M. Mouse MTH1 protein with 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-triphosphatase activity that prevents transversion mutation. cDNA cloning and tissue distribution. J. Biol. Chem. 270 (1995) 25942-25948. [PMID: 7592783]

3. Fujikawa, K., Kamiya, H., Yakushiji, H., Fujii, Y., Nakabeppu, Y. and Kasai, H. The oxidized forms of dATP are substrates for the human MutT homologue, the hMTH1 protein. J. Biol. Chem. 274 (1999) 18201-18205. [PMID: 10373420]

4. Sakai, Y., Furuichi, M., Takahashi, M., Mishima, M., Iwai, S., Shirakawa, M. and Nakabeppu, Y. A molecular basis for the selective recognition of 2-hydroxy-dATP and 8-oxo-dGTP by human MTH1. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 8579-8587. [PMID: 11756418]

5. Fujikawa, K., Kamiya, H., Yakushiji, H., Nakabeppu, Y. and Kasai, H. Human MTH1 protein hydrolyzes the oxidized ribonucleotide, 2-hydroxy-ATP. Nucleic Acids Res. 29 (2001) 449-454. [PMID: 11139615]

[EC created 2011]

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