IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: benzoylformate decarboxylase

Reaction: phenylglyoxylate = benzaldehyde + CO2

Glossary: thiamine diphosphate = 3-[(4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)methyl]-5-(2-diphosphoethyl)-4-methyl-1,3-thiazolium
phenylglyoxylate = benzoylformate = 2-oxo-2-phenylacetate

Other name(s): phenylglyoxylate decarboxylase; benzoylformate carboxy-lyase; benzoylformate carboxy-lyase (benzaldehyde-forming)

Systematic name: phenylglyoxylate carboxy-lyase (benzaldehyde-forming)

Comments: A thiamine-diphosphate protein.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EAWAG-BBD, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9025-00-7


1. Gunsalus, C.F., Stanier, R.Y. and Gunsalus, I.C. The enzymatic conversion of mandelic acid to benzoic acid. III. Fractionation and properties of the souble enzymes. J. Bacteriol. 66 (1953) 548-553.

[EC created 1961]

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