IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 3-amino-5-[(4-hydroxyphenyl)methyl]-4,4-dimethylpyrrolidin-2-one synthase

Reaction: C-terminal [mycofactocin precursor peptide]-glycyl-3-amino-5-[(4-hydroxyphenyl)methyl]-4,4-dimethylpyrrolidin-2-one + 5'-deoxyadenosine + L-methionine + A = C-terminal [mycofactocin precursor peptide]-glycyl-L-valyl-4-[2-aminoethenyl]phenol + S-adenosyl-L-methionine + AH2

Other name(s): mftC (gene name)

Systematic name: C-terminal [mycofactocin precursor peptide]-glycyl-3-amino-5-[(4-hydroxyphenyl)methyl]-4,4-dimethylpyrrolidin-2-one lyase (C-terminal [mycofactocin precursor peptide]-glycyl-L-valyl-4-[2-aminoethenyl]phenol-forming)

Comments: This is a bifunctional radical AdoMet (radical SAM) enzyme that catalyses the first two steps in the biosynthesis of the enzyme cofactor mycofactocin. Activity requires the presence of the MftB chaperone. The reaction occurs in the right-to-left direction. The other activity of the enzyme is EC, [mycofactocin precursor peptide]-tyrosine decarboxylase.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Haft, D.H. Bioinformatic evidence for a widely distributed, ribosomally produced electron carrier precursor, its maturation proteins, and its nicotinoprotein redox partners. BMC Genomics 12 (2011) 21. [PMID: 21223593]

2. Bruender, N.A. and Bandarian, V. The radical S-adenosyl-L-methionine enzyme MftC catalyzes an oxidative decarboxylation of the C-terminus of the MftA peptide. Biochemistry 55 (2016) 2813-2816. [PMID: 27158836]

3. Khaliullin, B., Ayikpoe, R., Tuttle, M. and Latham, J.A. Mechanistic elucidation of the mycofactocin-biosynthetic radical S-adenosylmethionine protein, MftC. J. Biol. Chem. 292 (2017) 13022-13033. [PMID: 28634235]

4. Ayikpoe, R., Ngendahimana, T., Langton, M., Bonitatibus, S., Walker, L.M., Eaton, S.S., Eaton, G.R., Pandelia, M.E., Elliott, S.J. and Latham, J.A. Spectroscopic and electrochemical characterization of the mycofactocin biosynthetic protein, MftC, provides insight into its redox flipping mechanism. Biochemistry 58 (2019) 940-950. [PMID: 30628436]

[EC created 2021]

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