IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: D-lactate dehydratase

Reaction: (R)-lactate = 2-oxopropanal + H2O

Glossary: methylglyoxal = 2-oxopropanal
(R)-lactate = D-lactate

Other name(s): glyoxylase III; GLO3

Systematic name: (R)-lactate hydro-lyase

Comments: The enzyme, described from the fungi Candida albicans and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, converts 2-oxopropanal to (R)-lactate in a single glutathione (GSH)-independent step. The other known route for this conversion is the two-step GSH-dependent pathway catalysed by EC (lactoylglutathione lyase) and EC (hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase).

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Hasim, S., Hussin, N.A., Alomar, F., Bidasee, K.R., Nickerson, K.W. and Wilson, M.A. A glutathione-independent glyoxalase of the DJ-1 superfamily plays an important role in managing metabolically generated methylglyoxal in Candida albicans. J. Biol. Chem. 289 (2014) 1662-1674. [PMID: 24302734]

2. Zhao, Q., Su, Y., Wang, Z., Chen, C., Wu, T. and Huang, Y. Identification of glutathione (GSH)-independent glyoxalase III from Schizosaccharomyces pombe. BMC Evol Biol 14 (2014) 86. [PMID: 24758716]

[EC created 2011]

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