IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 2-methylcitrate dehydratase

Reaction: (2S,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate = (Z)-but-2-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylate + H2O

Glossary: (2S,3S)-2-methylcitrate = (2S,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
cis-2-methylaconitate = (Z)-but-2-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylate

Other name(s): 2-methylcitrate hydro-lyase; PrpD; 2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate hydro-lyase

Systematic name: (2S,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate hydro-lyase [(Z)-but-2-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylate-forming]

Comments: The enzyme is specific for (2S,3S)-methylcitrate, showing no activity with (2R,3S)-methylcitrate [2]. The enzyme can also use cis-aconitate as a substrate but more slowly [2]. Both this enzyme and EC, aconitate hydratase, are required to complete the isomerization of (2S,3S)-methylcitrate to (2R,3S)-2-methylisocitrate [2]

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 80891-26-5


1. Aoki, H. and Tabuchi, T. Purification and properties of 2-methylcitrate dehydratase from Yarrowia lipolytica. Agric. Biol. Chem. 45 (1981) 2831-2837.

2. Brock, M., Maerker, C., Schütz, A., Völker, U. and Buckel, W. Oxidation of propionate to pyruvate in Escherichia coli. Involvement of methylcitrate dehydratase and aconitase. Eur. J. Biochem. 269 (2002) 6184-6194. [PMID: 12473114]

[EC created 1984, modified 2007]

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