IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: geranyllinalool synthase

Reaction: geranylgeranyl diphosphate + H2O = (6E,10E)-geranyllinalool + diphosphate

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: geranylgeranyl diphosphate = (2E,6E,10E)-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadeca-2,6,10,14-tetraen-1-yl diphosphate
(E,E)-geranyllinalool = (6E,10E)-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadeca-1,6,10,14-tetraen-3-ol

Other name(s): TPS04/GES; GES

Systematic name: geranylgeranyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase ((E,E)-geranyllinalool-forming)

Comments: The enzyme is a component of the herbivore-induced indirect defense system. The product, (E,E)-geranyllinalool, is a precursor to the volatile compound 4,8,12-trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene (TMTT), which is released by many plants in response to damage.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:


1. Herde, M., Gartner, K., Kollner, T.G., Fode, B., Boland, W., Gershenzon, J., Gatz, C. and Tholl, D. Identification and regulation of TPS04/GES, an Arabidopsis geranyllinalool synthase catalyzing the first step in the formation of the insect-induced volatile C16-homoterpene TMTT. Plant Cell 20 (2008) 1152-1168. [PMID: 18398052]

2. Attaran, E., Rostas, M. and Zeier, J. Pseudomonas syringae elicits emission of the terpenoid (E,E)-4,8,12-trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene in Arabidopsis leaves via jasmonate signaling and expression of the terpene synthase TPS4. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 21 (2008) 1482-1497. [PMID: 18842097]

[EC created 2013]

Return to EC 4.2.3 home page
Return to EC 4.2 home page
Return to EC 4 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page