IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: R-linalool synthase

Reaction: geranyl diphosphate + H2O = (3R)-linalool + diphosphate

For diagram click here.

Glossary: (3R)-linalool = (3R)-3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol

Other name(s): (3R)-linalool synthase; (–)-3R-linalool synthase

Systematic name: geranyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [(3R)-linalool-forming]

Comments: Geranyl diphosphate cannot be replaced by isopentenyl diphosphate (3-methylbut-3-en-1-yl diphosphate), prenyl diphosphate, farnesyl diphosphate or geranylgeranyl diphosphate as substrate [1]. Requires Mg2+ or Mn2+ for activity. Unlike many other monoterpene synthases, only a single product, (3R)-linalool, is formed.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 254993-26-5


1. Jia, J.W., Crock, J., Lu, S., Croteau, R. and Chen, X.Y. (3R)-Linalool synthase from Artemisia annua L.: cDNA isolation, characterization, and wound induction. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 372 (1999) 143-149. [PMID: 10562427]

2. Crowell, A.L., Williams, D.C., Davis, E.M., Wildung, M.R. and Croteau, R. Molecular cloning and characterization of a new linalool synthase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 405 (2002) 112-121. [PMID: 12176064]

[EC created 2006]

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