IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: pyridoxal 5'-phosphate synthase (glutamine hydrolysing)

Reaction: D-ribose 5-phosphate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + L-glutamine = pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + L-glutamate + 3 H2O + phosphate (overall reaction)
(1a) L-glutamine + H2O = L-glutamate + NH3
(1b) D-ribose 5-phosphate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + NH3 = pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + 4 H2O + phosphate

Other name(s): PdxST; pyridoxal 5'-phosphate synthase (glutamine hydrolyzing)

Systematic name: D-ribose 5-phosphate,D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-lyase

Comments: The ammonia is provided by the glutaminase subunit and channeled to the active site of the lyase subunit by a 100 Å tunnel. The enzyme can also use ribulose 5-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. The enzyme complex is found in aerobic bacteria, archaea, fungi and plants.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Burns, K.E., Xiang, Y., Kinsland, C.L., McLafferty, F.W. and Begley, T.P. Reconstitution and biochemical characterization of a new pyridoxal-5'-phosphate biosynthetic pathway. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127 (2005) 3682-3683. [PMID: 15771487]

2. Raschle, T., Amrhein, N. and Fitzpatrick, T.B. On the two components of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate synthase from Bacillus subtilis. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 32291-32300. [PMID: 16030023]

3. Strohmeier, M., Raschle, T., Mazurkiewicz, J., Rippe, K., Sinning, I., Fitzpatrick, T.B. and Tews, I. Structure of a bacterial pyridoxal 5'-phosphate synthase complex. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103 (2006) 19284-19289. [PMID: 17159152]

4. Raschle, T., Arigoni, D., Brunisholz, R., Rechsteiner, H., Amrhein, N. and Fitzpatrick, T.B. Reaction mechanism of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate synthase. Detection of an enzyme-bound chromophoric intermediate. J. Biol. Chem. 282 (2007) 6098-6105. [PMID: 17189272]

5. Hanes, J.W., Keresztes, I. and Begley, T.P. Trapping of a chromophoric intermediate in the Pdx1-catalyzed biosynthesis of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47 (2008) 2102-2105. [PMID: 18260082]

6. Hanes, J.W., Burns, K.E., Hilmey, D.G., Chatterjee, A., Dorrestein, P.C. and Begley, T.P. Mechanistic studies on pyridoxal phosphate synthase: the reaction pathway leading to a chromophoric intermediate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 (2008) 3043-3052. [PMID: 18271580]

7. Hanes, J.W., Keresztes, I. and Begley, T.P. 13C NMR snapshots of the complex reaction coordinate of pyridoxal phosphate synthase. Nat. Chem. Biol. 4 (2008) 425-430. [PMID: 18516049]

8. Wallner, S., Neuwirth, M., Flicker, K., Tews, I. and Macheroux, P. Dissection of contributions from invariant amino acids to complex formation and catalysis in the heteromeric pyridoxal 5-phosphate synthase complex from Bacillus subtilis. Biochemistry 48 (2009) 1928-1935. [PMID: 19152323]

[EC created 2011]

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