IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 3-chloro-D-alanine dehydrochlorinase

Reaction: 3-chloro-D-alanine + H2O = pyruvate + chloride + NH3 (overall reaction)
(1a) 3-chloro-D-alanine = chloride + 2-aminoprop-2-enoate
(1b) 2-aminoprop-2-enoate = 2-iminopropanoate (spontaneous)
(1c) 2-iminopropanoate + H2O = pyruvate + NH3 (spontaneous)

Other name(s): β-chloro-D-alanine dehydrochlorinase; 3-chloro-D-alanine chloride-lyase (deaminating)

Systematic name: 3-chloro-D-alanine chloride-lyase (deaminating; pyruvate-forming)

Comments: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. The enzyme cleaves a carbon-chlorine bond, releasing a chloride and an unstable enamine product that tautomerizes to an imine form, which undergoes a hydrolytic deamination to form pyruvate and ammonia. The latter reaction, which can occur spontaneously, can also be catalysed by EC, 2-iminobutanoate/2-iminopropanoate deaminase. The enzyme's activity can also result in β-replacement reactions, e.g. in the presence of hydrogen sulfide it can convert 3-chloro-D-alanine into D-cysteine and chloride.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 78990-65-5


1. Nagasawa, T., Ishii, T. and Yamada, H. Physiological comparison of D-cysteine desulfhydrase of Escherichia coli with 3-chloro-D-alanine dehydrochlorinase of Pseudomonas putida CR 1-1. Arch. Microbiol. 149 (1988) 413-416. [PMID: 3132906]

2. Yamada, H., Nagasawa, T., Ohkishi, H., Kawakami, B. and Tani, Y. Synthesis of D-cysteine from 3-chloro-D-alanine and hydrogen sulfide by 3-chloro-D-alanine hydrogen chloride-lyase (deaminating) of Pseudomonas putida. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 100 (1981) 1104-1110. [PMID: 6791643]

[EC created 1984]

Return to EC 4.5.1 home page
Return to EC 4.5 home page
Return to EC 4 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page