IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: L-fucose isomerase

Reaction: L-fucose = L-fuculose

Other Name(s): L-fucose ketol-isomerase

Systematic name: L-fucose aldose-ketose-isomerase

Comments: Requires a divalent metal ion (the enzyme from the bacterium Escherichia coli prefers Mn2+). The enzyme binds the closed form of the sugar and catalyses ring opening to generate a form of open-chain conformation that facilitates the isomerization reaction, which proceeds via an ene-diol mechanism [3]. The enzyme from Escherichia coli can also convert D-arabinose to D-ribulose [1]. The enzyme from the thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus also converts D-altrose to D-psicose and L-galactose to L-tagatose [4].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 60063-83-4


1. Green, M. and Cohen, S.S. Enzymatic conversion of L-fucose to L-fuculose. J. Biol. Chem. 219 (1956) 557-568. [PMID: 13319278]

2. Lu, Z., Lin, E.C.C. The nucleotide sequence of Escherichia coli genes for L-fucose dissimilation. Nucleic Acids Res. 17 (1989) 4883-4884. [PMID: 2664711]

3. Seemann, J.E. and Schulz, G.E. Structure and mechanism of L-fucose isomerase from Escherichia coli. J. Mol. Biol. 273 (1997) 256-268. [PMID: 9367760]

4. Ju, Y.H. and Oh, D.K. Characterization of a recombinant L-fucose isomerase from Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus that isomerizes L-fucose, D-arabinose, D-altrose, and L-galactose. Biotechnol. Lett. 32 (2010) 299-304. [PMID: 19856146]

[EC created 1999]

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