IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 3-[(4R)-4-hydroxycyclohexa-1,5-dien-1-yl]-2-oxopropanoate isomerase

Reaction: 3-[(4R)-4-hydroxycyclohexa-1,5-dien-1-yl]-2-oxopropanoate = 3-[(1E,4R)-4-hydroxycyclohex-2-en-1-ylidene]-2-oxopropanoate

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: L-anticapsin = 3-[(1R,2S,6R)-5-oxo-7-oxabicyclo[4.1.0]hept-2-yl]-L-alanine

Other name(s): BacB

Systematic name: 3-[(4R)-4-hydroxycyclohexa-1,5-dien-1-yl]-2-oxopropanoate isomerase

Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Bacillus subtilis, is involved in the biosynthesis of the nonribosomally synthesized dipeptide antibiotic bacilysin, composed of L-alanine and L-anticapsin. The enzyme can interconvert the (E) isomer formed in the reaction into the (Z) isomer [2], although this isomerization is not part of the pathway leading to bacilysin [3].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Mahlstedt, S.A. and Walsh, C.T. Investigation of anticapsin biosynthesis reveals a four-enzyme pathway to tetrahydrotyrosine in Bacillus subtilis. Biochemistry 49 (2010) 912-923. [PMID: 20052993]

2. Parker, J.B. and Walsh, C.T. Olefin isomerization regiochemistries during tandem action of BacA and BacB on prephenate in bacilysin biosynthesis. Biochemistry 51 (2012) 3241-3251. [PMID: 22483065]

3. Parker, J.B. and Walsh, C.T. Action and timing of BacC and BacD in the late stages of biosynthesis of the dipeptide antibiotic bacilysin. Biochemistry 52 (2013) 889-901. [PMID: 23317005]

[EC created 2015]

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