IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 3-(methylthio)propionyl—CoA ligase

Reaction: ATP + 3-(methylsulfanyl)propanoate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + 3-(methylsulfanyl)propanoyl-CoA

For diagram of reaction click here.

Other name(s): DmdB; MMPA-CoA ligase; methylmercaptopropionate-coenzyme A ligase; 3-methylmercaptopropionyl-CoA ligase; 3-(methylthio)propanoate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming)

Systematic name: 3-(methylsulfanyl)propanoate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming)

Comments: The enzyme is part of a dimethylsulfoniopropanoate demethylation pathway in the marine bacteria Ruegeria pomeroyi and Pelagibacter ubique. It also occurs in some nonmarine bacteria capable of metabolizing dimethylsulfoniopropionate (e.g. Burkholderia thailandensis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Silicibacter lacuscaerulensis). It requires Mg2+ [2].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:


1. Reisch, C.R., Stoudemayer, M.J., Varaljay, V.A., Amster, I.J., Moran, M.A. and Whitman, W.B. Novel pathway for assimilation of dimethylsulphoniopropionate widespread in marine bacteria. Nature 473 (2011) 208-211. [PMID: 21562561]

2. Bullock, H.A., Reisch, C.R., Burns, A.S., Moran, M.A. and Whitman, W.B. Regulatory and functional diversity of methylmercaptopropionate coenzyme A ligases from the dimethylsulfoniopropionate demethylation pathway in Ruegeria pomeroyi DSS-3 and other proteobacteria. J. Bacteriol. 196 (2014) 1275-1285. [PMID: 24443527]

[EC created 2014]

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