IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: glutathionylspermidine synthase

Reaction: glutathione + spermidine + ATP = glutathionylspermidine + ADP + phosphate

For diagram click here.

Glossary: glutathione = γ-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine

Other name(s): glutathione:spermidine ligase (ADP-forming)

Systematic name: γ-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine:spermidine ligase (ADP-forming) [spermidine is numbered so that atom N-1 is in the amino group of the aminopropyl part of the molecule]

Comments: Requires magnesium ions. Involved in the synthesis of trypanothione in trypanosomatids. The enzyme from Escherichia coli is bifunctional and also catalyses the glutathionylspermidine amidase (EC reaction, resulting in a net hydrolysis of ATP.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9077-09-2


1. Smith, K., Nadeau, K., Bradley, M., Walsh, C.T., Fairlamb, A.H. Purification of glutathionylspermidine and trypanothione synthase from Crithidia fasciculata. Protein Sci. 1 (1992) 874-883. [PMID: 1304372]

2. Bollinger, J.M., Kwon, D.S., Huisman, G.W., Kolter, R., Walsh, C.T. Glutathionylspermidine metabolism in E. coli. Purification, cloning, overproduction and characterization of a bifunctional glutathionyl spermidine synthetase/amidase. J. Biol. Chem. 270 (1995) 14031-14041. [PMID: 7775463]

[EC created 1999]

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