IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: dapdiamide synthase

Reaction: (1) ATP + 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanine + L-valine = ADP + phosphate + 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanyl-L-valine
(2) ATP + 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanine + L-isoleucine = ADP + phosphate + 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanyl-L-isoleucine
(3) ATP + 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanine + L-leucine = ADP + phosphate + 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanyl-L-leucine
(4) ATP + 3-({[(2R,3R)-3-carbamoyloxiran-2-yl]carbonyl}amino)-L-alanine + L-valine = ADP + phosphate + 3-({[(2R,3R)-3-carbamoyloxiran-2-yl]carbonyl}amino)-L-alanyl-L-valine

Glossary: dapdiamide A = 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanyl-L-valine
dapdiamide B = 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanyl-L-isoleucine
dapdiamide C = 3-{[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanyl-L-leucine

Other name(s): DdaF; dapdiamide A synthase

Systematic name: {[(2E)-4-amino-4-oxobut-2-enoyl]amino}-L-alanine:L-valine ligase (ADP-forming)

Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans, is involved in biosynthesis of dapdiamide tripeptide antibiotics, a family of fumaramoyl- and epoxysuccinamoyl-peptides named for the presence of an (S)-2,3-diaminopropanoate (DAP) moiety and two amide linkages in their scaffold.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Hollenhorst, M.A., Clardy, J. and Walsh, C.T. The ATP-dependent amide ligases DdaG and DdaF assemble the fumaramoyl-dipeptide scaffold of the dapdiamide antibiotics. Biochemistry 48 (2009) 10467-10472. [PMID: 19807062]

2. Hollenhorst, M.A., Bumpus, S.B., Matthews, M.L., Bollinger, J.M., Jr., Kelleher, N.L. and Walsh, C.T. The nonribosomal peptide synthetase enzyme DdaD tethers N(β)-fumaramoyl-L-2,3-diaminopropionate for Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent epoxidation by DdaC during dapdiamide antibiotic biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132 (2010) 15773-15781. [PMID: 20945916]

[EC created 2015, modified 2016]

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