IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: phosphoribosylaminoimidazolesuccinocarboxamide synthase

Reaction: ATP + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate + L-aspartate = ADP + phosphate + (S)-2-[5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinate

For diagram, click here

Other name(s): phosphoribosylaminoimidazole-succinocarboxamide synthetase; PurC; SAICAR synthetase; 4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-5-aminoimidazole synthetase; 4-[(N-succinylamino)carbonyl]-5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide synthetase; SAICARs; 5-aminoimidazole-4-N-succinocarboxamide ribonucleotide synthetase; phosphoribosylaminoimidazolesuccinocarboxamide synthetase; 5-aminoimidazole-4-N-succinocarboxamide ribonucleotide synthetase

Systematic name: 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate:L-aspartate ligase (ADP-forming)

Comments: Forms part of the purine biosynthesis pathway.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9023-67-0


1. Lukens, L.N. and Buchanan, J.M. Biosynthesis of purines. XXIV. The enzymatic synthesis of 5-amino-1-ribosyl-4-imidazolecarboxylic acid 5'-phosphate from 5-amino-1-ribosylimidazole 5'-phosphate and carbon dioxide. J. Biol. Chem. 234 (1959) 1799-1805. [PMID: 13672967]

2. Parker, J. Identification of the purC gene product of Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 157 (1984) 712-717. [PMID: 6365889]

3. Ebbole, D.J. and Zalkin, H. Cloning and characterization of a 12-gene cluster from Bacillus subtilis encoding nine enzymes for de novo purine nucleotide synthesis. J. Biol. Chem. 262 (1987) 8274-8287. [PMID: 3036807]

4. Chen, Z.D., Dixon, J.E. and Zalkin, H. Cloning of a chicken liver cDNA encoding 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide carboxylase and 5-aminoimidazole-4-N-succinocarboxamide ribonucleotide synthetase by functional complementation of Escherichia coli pur mutants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87 (1990) 3097-3101. [PMID: 1691501]

5. O'Donnell, A.F., Tiong, S., Nash, D. and Clark, D.V. The Drosophila melanogaster ade5 gene encodes a bifunctional enzyme for two steps in the de novo purine synthesis pathway. Genetics 154 (2000) 1239-1253. [PMID: 10757766]

6. Nelson, S.W., Binkowski, D.J., Honzatko, R.B. and Fromm, H.J. Mechanism of action of Escherichia coli phosphoribosylaminoimidazolesuccinocarboxamide synthetase. Biochemistry 44 (2005) 766-774. [PMID: 15641804]

[EC created 1961, modified 2000, modified 2006]

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